Volcanic Island Hopping
Tenerife to LA Palma (or Tenerife)
18 - 26 January 2021
Includes Bed & Breakfast accommodation, all guiding and transportation
Includes 3 National Parks and 2 World Heritage Sites
Exclusive small group tour, number of participants : 4 - 7
Prices are per person, based on 2 people sharing a room. Single supplement applies please make contact for details.
Rising 5-7 km from the floor of the Atlantic and related to a mantle hotspot, the Canary Islands are the largest volcanoes in Europe. These islands are popular with tourists but few venture into the interior of the islands to explore this volcanic wonder land. The rocks reveal all the stages in the growth of ocean island volcanoes, and the islands show the scars of some of the largest landslides ever to have occurred on Earth.
James pointing out palagonite tuff in the Amarilla scoria cone, Tenerife
Mount Teide, Tenerife
Roques de Garcia with Teide in the background, Tenerife
The cable-car ride up Mount Tiede to an altitude of 3500m, Tenerife
San Cristobal de La Laguna World Heritage Site, Tenerife
Inside the eroded Teno Massive, Tenerife
Rocque de Agando a 5.1 million year old trachyte dome,in the Garajonay National Park World Heritage Site, La Gomera
Los Organos columnar jointing, La Gomera
A landsat image © NASA, showing the Taburienta Caldera and land slip scar stretching out from it. Running due south of the caldera is the ridge of the Cumbre Vieja volcano. This is the most volcanically active part of the island and forms its southern backbone.
Mirador de La Cumbrecita, La Palma
James pointing out dykes in the exposed seamount at the base of Caldera de Taburiente, La Palma
The highest point on the La Palma, Rocque de los Muchachos, this is on the summit rim of the Caldera de Taburiente
Teneguia cone which erupted in 1971
Day 1 - Arrive on the island of Tenerife. (Tenerife has two airports: our hotel is located a short distance from Tenerife South Airport - TFS). Our hotel, where we will be staying for the first three nights, is a 10-minute taxi ride from Tenerife South Airport (TFS), and around a 1-hour taxi ride from Tenerife North Airport (TFN). There are many direct flights to Tenerife South from Europe, including with budget airlines.
Day 2 - The creation of Tenerife and the Ceuva del Viento lava tube. Our first stop is in the town of Adeje, here we get views of the oldest rocks in Tenerife which were formed by a Miocene volcano. We then move on to a view of spectacular 600m high cliffs known as Los Gigantes, which are made from lavas of the slightly younger Miocene volcano, Teno, which formed on the flanks of Tenerife’s original central volcano. From here we travel to the Mirador de Cherfe, where there are magnificent views into the interior of the eroded Teno volcano. We then reach the town of Garachico which was destroyed by a volcanic eruption in 1706. We first take in an overview of the lava flows from the 'Monument of the Canary Emigrant' which used to be the main departure point for people emigrating to the Americas, before visiting the harbour for a closer inspection of the lava. We then have our lunch in the neighbouring town of Icod de los Vinos where we can see the famous Dragon Tree before taking a 2-hour tour inside Cueva del Viento lava tube. This lava tube is the longest in the world outside of Hawaii and is rich in fossils of the 'Canarian megafauna'. We return to our Tenerife hotel for a second night.
Day 3 - Teide National Park World Heritage Site , Tenerife. We spend today in the magnificent Teide National Park which is also a World Heritage Site on account of Teide’s sheer majesty - a 3,718m high peak rising from a collapsed caldera – and the fact that the volcano has produced some very rare, evolved types of lava. Our first stop is to look at some phonolite lava balls. These ‘balls’ formed rather like snowballs accumulating material as they rolled down a lava flow. Our next stop just inside the wall of the Las Canadas caldera is to look at some radial dykes and cone sheets. We then head west along the caldera floor to reach the Mirador de Chahorra, here we get excellent views of Pico Viejo which is a parasitic cone of the main Teide volcano, and see where lava erupted from it in the 1798 Chahorra eruption. We then head west along the island's north-west rift zone, firstly to examine lava from Mna Reventada before then stopping at the Boca Cangrejo cone which was spotted erupting by Christopher Columbus in 1492. Next, we take a walk to Chinyero cone to see the site of Tenerife's most recent eruption which occurred in 1909. We then return to the caldera stopping at Los Azulejos to see colourful hydrothermal formations before moving on to the Mirador Roques de Garcia, and get great views of rock outcrops which may have formed the headwalls of previous calderas. We then reach the base of Teide volcano itself. This impressive volcano is of global geological importance. Here we ride the cable-car to an altitude of 3500m, just 200m below the summit. We will then take an optional hike to the summit. This hike requires a permit which must be obtained 3 months in advance so please inform me if you want to join the hike at the time of booking. Those who do not wish to climb can enjoy the views at the cable car station. After returning from the cable car we visit a site where pumice used to be quarried and also see obsidian before visiting the National Park Visitor Centre at El Portillo. We then return to our Tenerife hotel for a third night.
Day 4 - Tenerife and La Gomera. Our first stop today is the Amarilla scoria cone. Here we see a volcanic cone that initially began erupting in shallow water but completed its eruption sub-aerially with Strombolian activity. The cone is a striking yellow colour due to the ‘palagonisation’ (hydration) of the volcanic ash that was erupted into the sea water. On the margins of the cone there are also spectacular fossilised beach dunes. Our next stop is to learn about the violent Plinian eruptions that occurred on Tenerife between 2 million and 200,000 years ago. Several cycles of very violent caldera-forming eruptions have occurred, producing pyroclastic flows. The deposits they created, known as ignimbrites, can be examined here. Then on the edge of Los Cristianos we will stop at the Caldera de Rey crater, which was formed by felsic lava exploding with water (phreatomagmatic eruption). This violent eruption produced pumice fallout and pyroclastic flows. We then take an early afternoon ferry over to the island of La Gomera. Here we will visit an enormous 5m wide dyke and a former quarry where baked red scoria has been mined as a building stone, before spending the night at a beautiful hotel which is built from the same red scoria.
Day 5 - Garajonay National Park World Heritage Site and Los Organos, La Gomera. We spend our morning driving through Garajonay National Park, World Heritage Site. The park is so designated due to its unique vegetation with relic forests that are remnants of what would once have covered much of Europe and North Africa. The National Park is also full of many volcanic dykes and plugs. Our first stop is the Roque de Agando a 5.1 ma trachyte plug. We then continue to Mirador de los Roques where we can look back at great views of the Roque de Agando. Our next stop is the Mirador de Igualero where we get great views of a mushroomed-shaped intrusion called La Fortaleza, which is a trachyte intrusion with a flat top. We then arrive in the harbour village of Valle Gran Rey for a boat trip to the spectacular cooling columns of Los Organos, which resemble Scotland's Fingal's Cave and Northern Ireland's Giant's Causeway. These columns are the interior of an eroded trachyte dome. We travel 12 nautical miles each way and have views of imposing valleys and bays. There is also a good chance of seeing whales and dolphins en route. (NB: this trip is weather dependent). After our boat trip we visit a National Park visitor centre to see some of the trees that are so unique to this World Heritage Site. We then take an evening ferry to La Palma where we will spend the next 4 nights.
Day 6 - Caldera de Taburiente National Park, La Palma. Our first stop is the National Park Visitor Centre for an initial overview of the Caldera de Taburiente. This caldera is famous for being the place where the term 'caldera' was first coined, and it was formed by a giant landslip followed by fluvia erosion. Our next stop is the Mirador de La Cumbrecita where the Bejando volcano can be seen forming the eastern wall of the caldera. Here we leave our vehicle and take a 800m walk (in each direction) along the caldera collapse wall for impressive views into the caldera. We then visit the town of Los Llanos to get some lunch before going to Barranco de las Angustias. The barranco or gorge is the entrance to the Taburiente caldera. We will take a gentle walk into the base of the caldera and will get the extraordinary opportunity to observe the deep structure of the submerged stage of development of the island, a seamount. We will see pillow basalts, dykes and low level metamorphism along the side of a beautiful stream that is eroding out the gorge. After an hour and a half of walking we will turn around and retrace our steps back to the vehicle. We spend a second night in the same hotel near Santa Cruz de La Palma.
Day 7 - Rocque de los Muchachos and La Caldereta, La Palma. Today we drive to the highest point on the island, Rocque de los Muchachos, on the summit rim of the Caldera de Taburiente. On the way we stop to observe reddish scoria beds that are rich in the mineral hematite and resemble Martian rocks. Eventually we arrive at the summit of the caldera rim, where the views are amazing. On a good day Teide on Tenerife is visible, as is the island of El Hierro. Here we walk for about an hour enjoying the spectacular views into the caldera itself. We then return to Santa Cruz de La Palma visiting La Caldereta which is one of the largest tuff (volcanic ash) cones in the Canary Islands. We then have some free time in Santa Cruz de La Palma before heading back to our hotel.
Day 8 - San Antonio and Teneguia cones, La Palma. Today we visit the south of the island and the most recently volcanically active areas. Our first stop is The Volcan San Antonio Visitor Centre. Here we can see original video footage of the 1971 Teneguia eruption. We then take a walk to the top of the San Antonio crater for a look inside. We then return to our vehicle, drive a short distance and park at the entrance to a track for the use of local farmers only. We walk for 30 minutes (each way) along the track to reach a viewpoint of the Teneguia cone which erupted in 1971, and is Tenerife's most recent eruption (except for one submarine one). If people want to climb the cone, we can spend a further 30 minutes each way, walking to and climbing the cone, before returning to our vehicle. Our route then takes us up the western coast of La Palma and we stop to observe the lava from several recent eruption that have erupted from the ridge of the Cumbre Vieja volcano which forms the southern half of La Palma island. Eventually we reach Puerto Naos and can see where lava from an eruption in 1949 spilled over the sea cliffs to make new land in the form of lava deltas. These lavas deltas have had soil added to them and now host banana plantations. We then descend onto the lava delta to see a lava flow that displays levees on either side. We then return, passing across the mountainous centre of the island, for a final night in our hotel.
Day 9 - Depart from La Palma Airport (SPC) or Tenerife South Airport (TFS). The tour ends this morning. Our hotel is only a five minute taxi ride from La Palma Airport (SPC) where you can get a flight departing the Canary Islands, or a connecting flight back to Tenerife or one of the other Canary Islands. Alternatively, you can travel back to Tenerife on a very early (5:00am) ferry with James, your guide, and be dropped at Tenerife South Airport (TFS) for a departing flight or at a hotel on Tenerife en route.
CARBON GENERATED BY THIS TOUR
= 0.353 TONNES OF C02
(calculated at https://www.carbonfootprint.com/calculator.aspx)
At no additional cost to you, GeoWorld Travel will offset the Carbon created by this tour using carbon offsetting company Carbon Footprint. A certificate for this offset will be supplied to you after the tour is completed.
It is your responsibility to book your travel to and from the start and finish of the tour, so if you would like to also carbon offset this cost please use our carbon offset calculator here.
trip Diaries, photo Galleries and reviews of previous trips
THE CANARY ISLANDS - VOLCANIC ISLAND HOPPING (2019)
"Our trip to the Canary Islands with GeoWorld (and James Cresswell as the guide) was excellent. Since we arrived few days earlier, James picked us up (my wife and i) straight from our hotel where we met part of the tour members (7 in total). Prior to boarding the ferry to La Palma, we had the time to go to the Amarilla scoria cone where we walked for an hour and took some amazing pictures. All sites visited during this 9 day guided tour were very good to Excellent; from Amarilla scoria cone, Teide on Tenerife, Los Organos columnar jointing on La Gomera, Roques de Garcia on Tenerife and Viento lava tube and many more. The "Ruta de los Volcanes walk" on La Palma was also excellent and provided us the opportunity to go through different ecosystems as we climbed up in altitude. The hotels that were selected were excellent. We particularly loved "Parador de La Gomera" which is a colonial style hotel in a garden setting perched on top of a hill. James is an excellent and knowledgeable guide/geologist and will make sure you/the group is happy with all aspects of the tour."